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Addiction: Drug Abuse

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The human brain is the center of all human activities when psychoactive drugs are introduced into the brain, it can tamper its functionality. Addiction is a condition of the brain that is manifested through compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli amidst negative consequences.

Addiction has been considered to be a disease of the brain that can lead to health consequences. It disrupts the normal and healthy functionality of a person.

The reason why drugs are addicting is it can release 2 to 10 times of the amount of natural dopamine the brain produces, moreover, it lasts longer than these natural neurotransmitters.

Overexposure to drugs can lead to uncontrollable disruption of brain structures and manifests compulsive behavior. When addiction happens, the brain happens to have a chronic and relapsing disease that can be manifested by the person through seeking and using drugs despite it is illegal and harmful.

Diagnosing drug addiction…

The DSM-5 coins substance use disorder, which refers to a scope of use-related conditions. It indicates the extent through the classification of mild, moderate and severe. Addiction happens when the body has adjusted through incorporating the substance into the normal function of the body when the drug that has become dependent is discontinued drug withdrawal may occur. FOSB, a protein that triggers the development of addiction, is the diagnostic marker to diagnose addiction, however, a brain biopsy is required.

Reason Why People Take Drugs

Drugs make you feel good: Psychoactive drugs produce an intense feeling of pleasure due to the increase of happy hormones. There are drugs that can give self-confidence, power, and increased energy, and there are some that can cause satisfaction and relaxation.

Drugs make you feel better: Anxiety, stress, and depression can lead to drug abuse, with their attempt to make their selves feel better.

Curiosity and peer pressure: Due to peer pressure, adolescents engage in daring or risky behaviors to express their independence and to feel their belongingness.

Environmental factors that increase the risk of drug addiction…

Peer pressure, school: Peer pressure can strongly influence the decisions of an adolescent child, moreover, those children that are troubled with their academic performance and inferior social skills are at a high risk for substance abuse.

Home, family: Those children who grew up in a family who has parents or family members that engage in criminal behavior can develop their own risky behavior.

Addiction is a developmental illness, it usually starts in childhood or adolescence.

Other factors that can increase the risk of drug addiction…

Early introduction: Research has proven that those who begin to use drugs in their early years develop serious problems. It poses social and biological defects in the developing brain.

Method of administration: Inhalation or injection can increase the potential of the drug. It can cross the blood-brain barrier immediately.

As it can affect the economy and public health, addiction has pharmacologic and biological-based treatments that are integrated into rehabilitation for addicts. The rehabilitation treatment includes individual and group psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, behavior-modification therapy, residential treatment facilities, and twelve-step programs.

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