Health education and awareness are providing a learning experience to the public to help each individual in the community to…
We would like to close the gaps in the knowledge, understanding, and innovation of the common public health through educating the public and empowering them to make informed decisions about their health.
Health education and awareness are providing a learning experience to the public to help each individual in the community to…
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection continues to be one of the major public health crisis. Through time the number …
In the fall, most people aren’t really thinking about taking care of their lawns since growth has typically slowed down in anticipation for winter. However, during this time, your lawn and all the plants in your yard are quite busy absorbing as much energy, moisture as well as nutrients as they can, before winter sets in. As a result, it is important that you properly take care of your yard and your lawn during this period to ensure that when spring hits, you will have a healthy and green yard. So, with that said, we will now look at a few of the best lawn care tips that you should put into action.
First of all, you should continue to regularly mow your lawn throughout the fall. You may not need to mow it as often because the growth typically slows down. However, as the fall comes to a close, you should put your mower’s blade on the lowest setting, especially for the last two mowing sessions for the year. If you do this, then it will allow more sun to actually penetrate into the crown of the lawn which will actually result in fewer leaves turning brown and dying during the winter.
Next, another important tip is that you should properly aerate the soil during the fall. You can do this by renting a gas powered aerator. This will only cost you about $70 for a day and it is best that you rent the type that you can walk behind. This machine will punch holes in your lawn and extract dirt in order to aerate it. If you have a large yard, then you should consider hiring a landscaper to do it for you.
Thirdly, another tip is that you should rake the leaves as often as you need to. However, you should not wait for all of the leaves to fall from the trees, before you rake. If you do, then a lot of the leaves will rot, get wet and stick together which will form a mat above your lawn. This can then lead to suffocating the grass as well as a host of fungal infections. Therefore, you should rake on a regular basis to prevent this from happening.
You should also fertilize your lawn. If you only fertilize your lawn once for the year, then the best time to do so is during the fall. The reason for this is because the lawn and plants in general are absorbing more nutrients at this time of the year and by applying fertilizer they will get the nutrition they need to survive winter and grow beautifully in the spring. It is best to wait until the middle to late period of fall before fertilizing.
In closing, we have just discussed some of the best fall lawn care tips that will ensure your lawn survives the winter and is healthy in the spring. You should also take time to get rid of weeds and keep an eye on your lawn throughout winter as well. Click here http://discoverziehler.com for details.
There are a number of factors that influence a site’s search engine rankings. One of the things that can impact your SEO is backlinks. Backlinks are links from other domains that link back to your own site.
Search Engines Look At Backlinks When Determining How Your Site Should Be Ranked
A number of factors go into search engine algorithms. Backlinks are one part of the equation. When a major search engine like Google or Bing is trying to decide how your site should be ranked, backlinks are one of the things they will consider. Building backlinks can have a very positive affect on your SEO.
Backlinks Can Demonstrate That Your Site Is An Authority On A Particular Subject
Search engines want to present users with authority sites. They want to make sure that the links they are providing are packed with reliable information. When search engines are trying to figure out whether or not a site is an authority, they will look at some of the sites that are linking back to that site.
If authority sites are linking to your site, search engines will assume that your site is a reliable source of information. However, if sites that are unreliable are linking to your site, you could be penalized in some way.
When you’re trying to get backlinks for your site, you shouldn’t assume that one link is as good as another. You should specifically seek out backlinks from high-quality, authority sites.
Not all backlinks are beneficial. In some cases, backlinks could wind up having a negative impact on your site. While backlinks from authority sites could give your site a huge boost, backlinks from low-quality sites could lower your search engine rankings.
Because backlinks can help and harm your site, you’ll want to pay close attention the the sites that are linking to you. If you notice the wrong sites linking to you, you may want to contact search engines. If you get in touch with search engines, you should be able to keep these links from causing harm to you. Read here: Finding The Best Marketing Consultants
If you’re trying to obtain more links for your site, you’ll want to contact other site owners in your niche. If you reach out to other site owners, you may be able to compel some of those site owners to link to your content.
The process of building backlinks won’t just help your search rankings. Backlinks can also help you make connections that will help you in the future. It can be extremely useful to have positive relationships with other site owners in your niche.
Backlinks aren’t as important as they used to be. With that said, backlinks can definitely influence your rankings. If your site doesn’t have backlinks from authority sites, you’re going to want to work to obtain more backlinks. This is an important component of off page SEO. Get free consultation at Scott Keever seo
A lot of people are confused by social security cards. This cards are an important identifying document, but that doesn’t mean people know everything there is to know about them. If you have some questions about these cards, you should find the answers below.
It is possible to have more than one social security card. If you lose your card, you are able to request an additional card. If you wind up finding your original card at a later date, you will have two different cards.
With that said, you should only use the newest card that you have. It’s best to destroy or dispose of the older copy of your card. Since your old card has been marked as lost, you shouldn’t try to use that card anymore.
You are only allowed to have a single SSN. That number is supposed to identify you; it wouldn’t make sense to allow you more than one number. Still, there are ways to have more than one identification number you can use.
Even though you can only have one number that identifies you, you can request an additional number that identifies your business. This is called a tax ID number. This number works like a SSN in a number of ways. However, you should only use this number of business matters. You shouldn’t use it for any other reasons.
You can ask for a new card if you lost your old one. You can also request a new card if you have gone through a legal name change. The new card that you receive will have your new name on it.
If you request a card with your new name, you might want to hold on to your old card. If you need to prove that you once used your old name, you can use the card to prove your identity.
It is possible to request a new card every time you think that you have lost your old card. Because of this, it is possible to accumulate a number of cards. That stated, there are limits on the number of replacement cards that you can obtain each year.
You aren’t allowed to have an unlimited number of SS cards. You are expected to take card of the card that is in your possession. If you keep on requesting new cards, you will eventually be told that you are no longer eligible for a replacement card.
Even though it’s possible to have two social security cards, you should only be using one of those cards. If you have multiple cards, you might want to consider destroying the older cards that you have. If you’re not sure what you should do with those old cards, you should contact the social security office and ask them for help. For more information visit the site.
There are a lot of people who wonder if realtors are still necessary. While you do not have to use a realtor when you buy or sell a property, there are many reasons why you should. It is important to understand the reasons why realtors are still needed as this will help you determine if you should use one or not.
The primary reason why realtors are still necessary is the expertise that they have. A good realtor will be an expert in their field and will know things about the real estate market that the average person does not. They will also have a range of skills which can be used to ensure that their clients get the best deals.
The expertise that a good realtor has could be local knowledge as well as general knowledge of the market trend in the country. Experienced realtors will also be able to determine if a property is being priced correctly or if the seller is charging too much or too little based on the property and the area.
Many people do not realize that a good realtor will also be a great negotiator. The home sales process requires negotiation between the sellers and the buyers. This negotiation is generally done through the realtors which provides them with a skill that the average person does not have.
A good buyer’s realtor will be able to negotiate a lower asking price for a property. While it is possible for the buyer to try this, they will generally not know the finer points that they should bring up. This could be anything from the landscaping of the home to the general market trend in the area.
A seller’s realtor will also need to use their well-honed negotiating skills when an offer is made for the property. If the offer is below the asking price, they will need to negotiate to get the offer to a higher number. This could be through the addressing of all the points that the buyer’s agent brings up or by stating that there are no comparable houses for that price on the market.
If you are selling your home, it is a good idea to use a realtor. Realtors will be skilled at marketing your home to attract potential buyers and to target the buyers that you want. If you have a starter home, you will want to target the correct audience and this is easier when you have a realtor who knows know to do this.
There are also other marketing benefits to using a realtor such as access to more buyers. There are certain real estate platforms that are only open to realtors and you will want to be able to access them. Realtors will also know how to take pictures of your property which showcase them in the best light and create a description of your property that draws people in.
Realtors are still necessary because of the expertise and skills that they have. These skills are honed over the years and will generally not be something that the average person will have. Check out more at 3cre.
An office worker may spend hundreds of hours each year sitting at your desk. As an employer, your employee’s comfort should be a consideration when choosing furniture.
You want the time that they spend at their desk to be productive. Productivity can be difficult when you’re experiencing the neck and back pain that comes from the wrong office furniture.
The chair you sit in can make or break your day. A standard office chair was not designed for a person sitting in the chair all day. Many people who use a standard office chair may experience some back pain over time.
An ergonomic chair positions your back and body in a natural way which helps with posture. By maintaining proper posture when seated at your desk, you can reduce the amount of back pain you experience.
The ergonomic chair you choose should be height adjustable so that the employee can properly position themselves for the type of work they’re doing. A person writing or sorting papers might need their chair at a different height from someone who is typing on a keyboard.
A 5’1″ employee may not feel comfortable sitting at a desk designed for a 6’0″ person. For proper seating, at a desk, a person’s feet should be flat on the floor. This is not possible if the desk is too high.
If the desk is too short, your employees may find it difficult to sit without bumping their knees and legs into the table top. A height adjustable table solves this problem. Each employee can adjust the desk to fit their needs.
The desk you choose should suit the needs of our employees and the tasks they perform. Make sure they have enough space to do their work, but not so much that it lends itself to clutter. Think about what you want your employees to do at their desk before buying the desk.
Most offices use computers on a daily basis. This is not a problem for a person that uses a computer irregularly. However, for people who type consistently during the day, such as data entry clerks, the keyboard, and mouse they use matters.
Once again you need to consider the tasks each employee performs during the day.
If you find a person will be typing on a keyboard or using their mouse for multiple hours each day, you should consider buying ergonomic computer accessories.
The right computer accessories can help make work easier by easing the strain on your employee’s hands and arms. Along with the right chair and desk, the right keyboard can not only help the employee feel better, it can also improve their performance.
These are just a few ideas that can help make your office more comfortable for your employees and improve their productivity. If you want more ideas, just ask your employees for ways to make their work environment easier. If you follow your employee’s suggestions, you’ll find that they can pay off in the end. Visit here to know more.
Hair loss affects millions of people and is something that inevitably begins at different levels for everyone as they age. You can approach hair loss from a preventative standpoint and also minimize its effects as it starts to occur. Can you reverse hair loss? Much is said on that subject, and it also depends on the type of results you’re expecting. There is no magic serum or remedy to turn a balding head into a chia pet over night, but there are plenty of things you can use naturally as hair loss treatments to promote regrowth.
Keep that healthy head of hair in tact and growing. Before we get to natural solutions that you can use, let’s talk about your other options. Hair loss treatments involve a topical ingredient called minoxidil. It is supposed to be the best solution for hair loss, save for hair plugs and other hair transplant procedures. Then when it comes to natural solutions, there are scalp massages and all kinds of things to try, aside from just the ointments, oils and other topical remedies that are suggested.
Yet now it is time to discover what oils and natural topical solutions you can use to help stop hair loss and promote hair regrowth. You also need to establish what the cause is for your hair loss. It can be a combination of causes, including genetics, so keep that in mind. Just because genetics steps into the picture, however, doesn’t mean that you can’t do something about hair loss.
Everyone deals with hair loss at some point in time and on some scale, of course some people more than others. It’s time to find out about those natural remedies that can make a difference. Not only are there topical natural solutions for hair loss, but you can also look to dietary changes that can be of help. For example, certain types of fish can be good for healthy hair, and the same goes for pumpkin seeds and the zinc they contain.
Of course you can also take zinc supplements or a multivitamin that contains zinc. Most people don’t get enough zinc or enough omega 3 fatty acids, and that is why dietary changes are important. When it comes to topical treatments to use, perhaps the best place to start is with certain essential oils for healthy hair. Aloe vera juice, rosemary oil and spikenard oil are three topical solutions you might want to try. Keep in mind that when it comes to using certain solutions, you need to know how they are to be used.
Natural hair loss treatments are great for helping you to regrow hair and protect the hair that you already have. Remember that everyone deals with hair loss to a degree at some point, so preventative measures can help delay and minimize what you experience individually. The dietary changes you make also have other health benefits. It’s all in what you want to explore to help minimize hair loss and regrow your hair. See now to experience best hair care solutions.
If you would like to pursue a very lucrative career, you may want to consider getting a marketing internship. When people choose to go down this career path, they are looking for something lucrative. Advertising is something that every business is going to need, and it can be provided in several different ways. Whether you have a minimal advertising budget, or a multimillion dollar budget to work with, there are many options to choose from. You can start with pay per click advertising on the web, or you could take out a full-page ad in a newspaper or magazine. Let’s look at the different options that you will be able to implement once you have successfully completed your marketing internship.
As with any internship, you are there learning how to do this type of trade. Marketing is multifaceted. They may begin with traditional advertising and classified ads, or even how to structure an advertisement to get the best results. Marketing theory will also be taught, and as they begin to show you different ways of marketing for businesses, you will start to develop ideas of your own. Many of those may lead you toward becoming an online marketer, someone that can help local businesses achieve better results.
These internships are designed to show you how to help businesses that may have a small to medium amount of money to work with in advertising. If you haven’t used one of these companies before, for your own business, you may not realize how comprehensive they actually are. Once you get into local marketing, you will see that this involves SEO, Facebook marketing, video marketing, and also building a list with auto responders. There are so many different ways that local businesses can benefit from someone like yourself that will have the skills to help them later on.
These internships can be found very quickly by looking for internships online, specifically those that involve marketing. They may have different internships available, and if they do have one that will teach you how to market locally, you should focus on this particular one. However, if it’s not available, you can always going to general advertising which may involve television, magazines and newspapers. The more experience that you get, and once you have your foot in the door with this marketing firm, this might lead to a lucrative career. How you will be Finding The Best Marketing Consultants In Cincinnati
Marketing internships can always be found in major cities. There are companies constantly offering this option for people that want to learn. Although you may not be paid while you are learning, you are getting an education for a very minimal cost. After you have completed your training, you may want to consider setting up your own marketing firm. It’s a great way to generate a substantial amount of money providing a a service that most companies are going to use. Read some benefits of marketing internship
If you are going to be looking to beef up your marketing efforts, it would be wise to consider hiring professional marketing consultants in Cincinnati. Hiring professionals to handle a lot of the marketing strategies you implement can do wonders for your business. Not only will it help to position your business better in the marketplace, but it can help you increase the chances that you are able to get the best results out of your marketing efforts. Below, we will be going over some of the top things that you should be looking at when it comes to trying to find the best marketing consultants in Cincinnati.
One of the most important things that you should be considering when it comes to identifying the right personnel or consultants to hire for your marketing would be their experience level. Not only do you want to focus on finding a company with a tremendous amount of marketing experience in total, but you might even want to consider those that have direct experience in your particular industry and/or field. By doing this, you should be able to get the kind of expert guidance that can help you boost your bottom line. Read more blogs .
Another thing that you are going to have to consider if you are looking to find the right company to hire would be their reputation. You want to find a company that has a great reputation in the industry. Finding a company with a great reputation as one of the sure ways to find one that is going to help you get what you need out of it. The good thing about checking the reputation is being able to avoid hiring an ineffective or poorly rated company by completing basic research. You will be able to tell whether or not the company is worth hiring by doing preliminary research because any reputable marketing company is going to have a great online reputation.
Another thing that you are going to need to consider when you are looking to hire one would be their pricing structure. Different companies handle their pricing in different ways. You will need to find one that works for you and your particular situation. You should be able to find one that is going to allow you to get value out of it without going over your budget.
As you can see, there are a lot of things that you are going to want to consider when you are looking to pick and choose a company or consultant to hire to handle and/or assist in the marketing of your business. By following the tips above, you should be able to find a company that is going to put you in a good position to succeed in the marketplace. Be sure to find one with a good amount of experience. That way, you will be able to get a lot out of the hire. Know about marketing companies in cincinnati .
Joint pain can really hinder your day and your mobility. Conditions like arthritis can even be debilitating, and age can bring about joint pain in general. Before looking into all of the alternative solutions or more involved treatments and procedures, try to see if a conglomeration of natural remedies and lifestyle changes can help you. They will help, and then you can determine if you need further treatment or more drastic measures.
There are of course different types of joint pain that can be felt throughout the body. Also, there are different levels of severity when it comes to joint pain. There are also different causes. If you wish to try and avoid conventional treatment as a last resort, check out the following helpful natural remedies.
An epsom salt soak wouldn’t be a bad natural solution to try at all. You could use a hot bath right about now, so why not try out this natural technique for treating joint pain? The epsom salt bath is going to give your body magnesium it needs, and the bath is very soothing. It relaxes the body, helps relieve tension and of course works to reduce inflammation.
Since essential oils can also work to help reduce joint pain, you can add those along with epsom salt to your bath water. It is important to note that to get the best benefits, you need to follow instructions for dilution, adding the right amount of epsom salt and essential oils to your bath water.
Knowing you get to enjoy a relaxing bath from time to time that helps to remedy joint pain is quite cool, and now let’s look at other natural solutions. Hot and cold packs can also be important. You can try heated pads and electrical blankets, too. While you are suffering from joint pain, you also still need to get up and move around. Failure to do so can make your joints stiff, and you need exercise.
Making dietary changes and losing weight if necessary is key. Also, when it comes to exercising, it’s not just that you need to move your joints around. Your muscles need exercise, and if they don’t get it, your joint pain can get worse. That should keep you up and moving around.
As for those dietary changes, foods that contain Omega 3 fatty acids are important. There are also supplements that can help you accomplish that goal. You need healthy antioxidants from food, and you need to be eating foods that help reduce inflammation. Following a balanced diet and working towards eating more fruits and vegetables will take you a long way towards reaching your dietary goals to reduce joint pain.
If you put those natural remedies to the test for awhile, you should feel much better. If you suffer from severe joint pain, other treatments could of course be required. However, it’s nice to know that you have a chance to treat your symptoms with all-natural solutions. That will give you a good indication of where you stand when it comes to joint pain and conventional treatment.
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Have you ever used FPGAs before? These are programmable logic devices. People tend to use these because they can provide many benefits over functional IC devices. For example, there is going to be a major reduction in the total amount of board space that is required. The amount of power that is used is going to be less. Design security will be fine, as well as compact circuitry. This makes it possible to have a much higher switching speed. If you want to find more information on programmable logic devices, here is information that you can use.
These silicon chips are going to utilize what are called prebuilt logic blocks. This is why you can easily configure them. You can obtain many benefits from these devices. They allow you to operate software, and conversely FPGAs require software in order to serve a purpose. Therefore, when they were originally made, they were designed to enhance the ability of computers to do more things. Today, they are so small, many of them are made by computer programs and machines. If you think about smart phones and even smaller devices, there is no way that the human hands could actually make these circuit boards. Today, you can get both the smaller ones, and also the larger ones which you can manipulate on your own.
The first one is performance. When compared to DSPs that were used, they are much faster. They are able to accomplish much more. Additionally, they are easier to market because so money computers today use these units. Third, the cost is going to be much more reasonable. Part of that reason is because there are so many that are produced by companies like Xilinx that the cost of producing them has gone way down. Additionally, they are very reliable, capable of processing an incredible amount of information, without overheating during the process. Another positive is that there is not a lot of maintenance. They are designed to last. If you are building computers, or any other type of computer related component, these are the ones you will want to use.
If you can find them on sale, you should stock up on his many of them as you can. You may have a large business that uses them all the time. You will have to compare the different types that are out there. Some of them are designed for low performance, whereas others are high-performance, and those can be very expensive. If you can find deals on them, you can save quite a bit of money by making one bulk purchase from a business. If you choose to go with a person that is selling Xilinx, not only do you get a quality product, but you also get to save a substantial amount on what will be a long lasting field programmable gate array. You can also look for reviews on the web, leading you to the best FPGAs that are also at reasonable prices. For more details visit http://www.directics.com/brand/xilinx/
Would you like to find a tax attorney that is currently in your area? You might be able to find one of them very quickly. These are lawyers that are able to help people that are currently in a tough situation. They are not able to pay their taxes, or they are behind on their taxes, and they need legal help. These professionals are able to help these individuals to be determine what to do. They can come up with ideas on how to pay off the total amount that is owed. Here is an overview of how you can find it tax lawyer, and the different courses of action that they may make available for you to get the situation under control.
The first place that you look is always going to be on the web using your PC or smart phone. Simply search for tax attorneys, and you are going to find several of them that are going to be happy to help you out. These individuals are extremely fast at getting back to you. They will set appointments so you both can meet. At the end of the day, you will have hired one of them to represent you by paying the retainer fee.
It will likely take them several weeks to resolve everything. They have to prepare their case. They will then present everything to the judge. The judge will then make a determination based upon the facts that they have. They will then ask you to come up with a lump sum of money. If that doesn’t work, they can set you up with a payment plan. However, you may need to get a cosigner to help you with the loan. If you are not able to pay your taxes, there is a high probability that you don’t make enough, or that your credit rating might not be high enough, to get the money on your own.
This is likely not going to affect your credit at all. The only way it could be a problem is if you are not able to pay. Then, they might try to attach liens on a home that you own. There are other things that they can do which could be problematic. At the end of the day, your goal is to make sure that you get a lower amount which is what the lawyers are helping you with. Finally, you need to pay everything off, and once you do, you can rest easy knowing that you have paid back the IRS.
If you haven’t been able to pay your taxes in quite some time, you will likely need an attorney. Start looking today for one of these reputable lawyers that can help you with these situations. They will be able to connect with you, talk to you about your situation, and help you find a resolution to the problem. In most cases, they can lower the amount that you have to pay, and set you up with easier payments, so that you can eventually get this completely behind you. For more information visit https://deanhineslawyer.com/family-law-attorney-dayton-ohio/
There are a lot of people that have commercial property for sale or rent. If you want to find out what your options are, you have come to the right place. Below, you can get an idea of what your options are by doing a search for what’s out there and by finding out more information about your options.
There are a lot of sites online where people list the properties they have to rent to you or to sell. When you’re looking for properties, make sure you check on listing sites on a regular basis. A lot of the time there will be people posting more listings because properties go up for sale or for rent on a regular basis. You may want to check every morning and every night just to make sure you’re able to find properties that you’re interested in before other people contact the owners to get the property for themselves.
There are a lot of properties that are not in that good of shape, so be sure you look at the properties in person before you spend any money on them. You’re going to want to hire an inspection service if possible so you can see if there is anything wrong with the building like with the electrical system or plumbing. If you find out there are serious issues, see if you can get the property for less. That way, you can use the money you save on it to fix the problem that you found.
Properties that you rent are going to come with terms and conditions that you have to follow along with. Make sure you read over the lease so you can find out what they will allow and what you have to run by them before doing something. For instance, if there’s a plumbing problem you may have to contact the rental company instead of working with a plumber on your own. They own the building, so it’s up to them to care for it. If you buy your own building then you’re the one responsible for it but you aren’t when you rent for the most part.
Don’t settle for just any property. Make sure that you can actually fit in all of the different equipment you have that you need to run your business with. Make sure you measure out what kind of space the building comes with and then measure what kind of space your equipment takes up. If you’re moving from one office to another, then try to see if they are similar in size. It’s better to go with more room than to barely be able to fit in an area so keep that in mind when choosing a property.
Commercial property for sale or rent is something you have to look for carefully. You want to make sure you’re getting the best deal and that the property you’re going to work with is in nice enough shape for your needs. Get to know more at https://3cre.com
Health education and awareness are providing a learning experience to the public to help each individual in the community to improve their health and well-being, through adding their knowledge and influencing their attitudes.
The areas being focused on health education and awareness are social health, emotional health, physical health, environmental health, spiritual health and intellectual health.
Its primary focus is to promote, maintain and restore health. A health educator is an individual who is professionally prepared to serve the public by using educational strategies and methods to facilitate the development of procedures, policies, interventions, and systems. The health educator has seven roles and responsibilities to do:
Responsibility 1: Assess the needs for health education of the individual and community.
Responsibility 2: Plan the interventions, programs, and strategies to make the health education successful.
Responsibility 3: Implement the planned health education, programs, and strategies.
Responsibility 4: Conduct research and evaluation related to health education.
Responsibility 5: Administer health education strategies, programs, and interventions.
Responsibility 6: Duly serves the public as a health education resource person.
Role 7: Be an advocate and communicate for health and health education.
The issues of the public health have been managed and investigated all throughout the years. It has brought the public health industry to focus on the cause and treatments of the disease, illness, and factors that have greatly affect the public health.
The top health issues that the public has been facing are:
An improved public health can improve the nation’s economy and people’s quality of life. Thus, the health educators and public health professionals are doing their best in identifying, preventing, and treating the issues of the public health.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection continues to be one of the major public health crisis. Through time the number of people living with HIV has increased, thus, more people have become aware of the infection. People living with HIV has helped spread the awareness in order to prevent the increase of the people infected with HIV. People living with HIV are being linked and stayed under the medical care for HIV patients, they begin their treatment and get virally suppressed. The availability of the interventions for HIV preventions has increased, thus, it can also provide prevention to their partners.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) comes from a particular virus that can only infect humans, it can weaken the immune system of the body by attacking the T-cells, which is the most important cell to fight against infections and illnesses. The virus takes over the host cells through its rapid reproduction.
It can be transmitted through blood, vaginal discharges, anal fluids, semen, and breast milk. We should stop the misconception that it can be transmitted through urine, sweat, or saliva. The best way to prevent acquiring HIV is to use condoms during sex and use clean needle and syringe when you inject drugs.
Flu-like symptoms are experienced by those on the early stage of HIV, these symptoms may last for a few days to several weeks.
For people living with HIV that are not taking antiretroviral therapy (ART), it may progress to AIDS. This is the late stage of HIV infection in which they experience symptoms like:
Those people who are living with HIV that suffers infections and disease from opportunistic microorganisms are considered to have Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). It happens since they are immunosuppressed, moreover, it can be because of the antiretroviral drugs they are taking. These treatments do not cure HIV or AIDS, however, it can give them a chance to live long and healthy lives.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be prevented, it just needs an effective prevention treatment to reduce the transmission of the infection. It is a global outlook to cut the social stigma with people living with HIV, the lack of education hinders treatment options and preventive measures for HIV.
HIV infections were stabilized and mortality rates have declined even though most of the HIV and AIDS population does not have access to antiretroviral medications, this is due to the ongoing public campaigns for awareness of safe drug use and safe sex.
Communication is a common mode for human’s to interact which we often underestimate its complexity. It is omnipresent, complicated and irreversible. Thus, it is our duty to make it quality-wise, we should anticipate the possible flow of information exchange through planning, implementation, and monitoring to avoid or minimize misconception.
Public awareness is the level of understanding of the public regarding the importance and implication of vital issues in the society. To raise public awareness it needs to create a specific messaging campaign about a particular issue that is most relevant to the life, health, and rights of the people.
There are three factors that might influence the complexity of communication, thus it should be identified and managed.
To engage with people, it does not have to be grand. Approach with the right ideas, make them interested and aware of your cause.
Thorough research of the cause
Learn and know all the information of the issue, this is the first indicator to have a successful awareness campaign. Published researches, statistical trends, or case studies give you the credentials of being an expert on the issue.
Know and establish a target population
To know who will be your audience is a primary component to bring people together that have a common interest. Empower and connect them.
Set objectives for the awareness campaign
To measure whether the campaign is a success, establish objectives that can make the campaign socializing and interesting. Through your objectives you can identify factors and areas for improvements, there might be a need to refine and change the campaign objectives.
Host educational events
People are more enticed to attend an event wherein they can learn. Thus, it is best to offer your knowledge or skills. During the event, start a conversation regarding your cause and connect with them.
Create and distribute informational pamphlets
Printed or digital pamphlets can learn about your cause, summarize and organize informational points about the issue. A catchy content can spark the people’s curiosity and interest.
Boost awareness through social media channels
Social media platforms are the most accessible mode of information exchange, it cannot only be read but also shared. Create social media accounts for your cause, you can engage with people and related-communities there. Manage to create insightful and helpful tips that people can relate to and easily share.
Host fundraising events
There are still people who have the heart and money to donate to worthy causes. People can donate through online transactions or in-person. Fundraising events can help you create a community that can help you with your cause.
A single approach cannot make everyone be interested and aware of the issues in the community. You have to combine various approaches to reach as many people as possible.
Be enthusiastic in raising awareness of public health issues, help the public understand more, protect the public through knowledge and awareness.
Health practitioners issued warnings about the long-term health implications to those who smoke. Statistics have detailed that there are more than 3,200 underage smokers who began smoking each day, and 42.1 million people are consistently smoking each day.
Amidst the effort of tobacco companies to continue their companies’ growth through their advertising campaigns, the advancement of public health awareness has banned smoking in public places and a variety of methods for smokers to stop.
Smoking can harm each system of the body, its adverse effects have been documented all throughout the years. Illnesses and diseases such as obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, autoimmune disorders, and autoimmune disorders are associated with smoking.
The toll deaths of cancer have been related to smoking, excess use of tobacco can affect the human body. Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and liver cancer determined to smoke as a direct cause.
Did you know that those who quit cancer at age 30 decreases the risk of smoking-related deaths by 90 percent? And those who quit at age 50 and above only have a 50 percent chance? Thus, stop smoking! It’s still early.
Coronary heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death, both of which are a result of smoking. The effects of excessive tobacco use can thin the walls of the blood vessels and obstruct the blood flow to the heart.
Did you know that smokers have a higher rate of strokes and heart attacks than non-smokers?
The excessive inhalation of tobacco can pose negative effects on the respiratory system. Nicotine is not the only poisonous ingredient, there are still approximately 600 more. The said ingredients do not only displace the oxygen exchange of the lungs, but it can also impair the ability of the lungs to remove harmful particles.
Those who smoke heavily can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), shortness and difficulty of breathing, sputum production, and restricted airflow.
Smoking is highly contraindicated in pregnant women, smoking puts the entire reproductive cycle at risk. Pregnant women should be cautious with the effects of smoking on the fetus, it exposes the fetus to nicotine, a toxic that can cause compromised oxygen supply.
Did you know that women who smoke are a high risk of experiencing difficulty in pregnancy?
Autoimmune Disorders and other Chronic Illness
Smoking leads to chronic and severe illnesses due to the system malfunction of our body. It can be a precipitating factor that can reduce the efficiency of medical treatments, and leads to the dysfunction of the immune system.
Over the past two decades, climate change has been debated that it is a threat to the community. It has resulted in the rise of sea levels, increases of temperatures, deteriorating air quality, and changing of the weather patterns. It has drawn to the attention of medical practitioners, that the negative effect of the climate change on Earth, has to pose also a negative effect on the health of the human.
Statistics have shown and the researchers from the World Health Organization (WHO) have declared that over 150,000 deaths each year are caused by the climate change. They have predicted that the numbers might increase by a hundred percent by the year 2030, the documented fatalities due to climate change are linked to four catalysts, such as:
Increase of temperatures
The average temperature has increased as high as 11 degrees Fahrenheit. The rise of temperature pose risk to the public since it is mixed with other weather conditions, it can lead to excessive heat event. Excessive heat event happens when the temperature, cloud cover, dew point temperature, surface atmospheric pressure, and wind speed can cause heat-related fatalities.
The common health conditions that can be associated with high temperatures are:
Declining air quality
Climate change and air pollution are known to be associated. Air pollution is a result of the industrial revolution and activities made by the human. The major contributors to air pollution are automotive transportation, electric power, and industrial processes that emit gas into the atmosphere.
Ground level ozone happens when toxic gases are mixed with carbon monoxide, it can greatly affect the lungs and can even lead to inflammation of the airways.
Inhalation of toxic gases can lead to:
Due to the climate change wind speeds of hurricanes and storms, total rainfall and floods are expected to increase. With the extreme weather, human health risks have increased its potential.
The risks for human health due to extreme weather patterns include:
Vector-borne diseases came from infectious microorganisms that are transmitted to people by blood-sucking arthropods. Climate change is said to be an indirect cause of having these diseases:
The health of our planet is directly associated with the human health. Thus, public awareness regarding climate change can reduce the risks of disease and fight against global warming. These effects are irreversible, however, there are still some methods that are long-term and sustainable that can reduce possible health risks associated with climate change.
People’s weights are classified by nutritionists and medical practitioners as underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese. Obese is even classified into three categories: Obese class I, obese class II, and obese class III. It is determined by the body fat measurement based on the person’s height and weight, or body mass index (BMI).
Obesity is a complex and major public health issue, the lack of exercise and bad nutrition are one of the major causes of obesity. The demographic group of a person can affect the weight of a person. The diet, exercise, and environmental factors play a significant role in their food consummation.
1 out of 3 children are documented to be obese or overweight, obesity that occurs during the childhood days have devastating long-term consequences. Obesity is associated with multiple chronic health conditions. These illnesses include:
Diabetes: This is caused by the imbalanced nutrition and lack of physical activities that can lead to insulin resistance or type 2 diabetes.
Cardiovascular disease: Obesity is the leading risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and not to mention, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death.
Cancer: This is the second leading cause of death, it is a precipitating factor to multiple types of cancer.
Depression: Weight changes, weight gain, and obesity are highly linked to depression. It is more prevalent among children.
Reproduction: Studies have shown that fertility rates are reduced and chances of miscarriage or complications during pregnancy.
Respiratory disease: Overweight or obese people experience obesity hypoventilation syndrome, sleep apnea, and asthma.
Cognitive health: Studies have discovered that cognitive deterioration and obesity are linked, neurologic impairments include thinking skills and memory loss.
Musculoskeletal disorders: Arthritis, injuries, and muscle and joint atrophies are the results of obesity.
The organizations and government are running for a cause to reverse the trend of obesity. Health education is the primary defense to win against obesity, the target population for this drive is children and teenagers. The public is being made aware of this health issue through:
Physical education: Amidst the crisis of obesity, universities are not providing the appropriate regular exercise the student needs. Physical education course is essential to promote exercise. Thus, organizations suggest providing an hour of physical activity.
Recess: Breaks in between classes are cut short. It influences the children’s appetite and their motivation to do their recommended exercise.
Healthy meals: Healthier foods are being served in universities, this is to promote high-quality nutrition foods, sodas and junk foods are being banned inside the universities.
With the growing statistics of obesity and weight gain, health care providers are more encouraging through providing awareness from their reliable information. Healthy food options are being promoted than those easy to prepare junk foods through increasing the standards for labeling and high taxes.
Moreover, there are other causes of weight gain and obesity, as we blame everything to diet and foods, genetics, lack of sleep, stress, smoking and slow metabolism also plays the role in the obesity epidemic.
Through the years, misconceptions of vaccines have not yet died down. Some believed that it poses a greater risk than being helpful, however, over the past years, vaccines have reduced and diminished infectious diseases.
The following misconceptions of immunization should be corrected:
There is a line that links exposure and immunity, this was discovered when they used the antibodies to resist the infectious disease. During the 19th century, the laboratory made vaccinations was produced by the discovery of Louis Pasteur on the diseases.
As the mechanism of actions of the vaccines is not fully appreciated, it works to determine and defend the body against pathogens. For this to be achieved, there are blueprints of the pathogens, called antigens, introduced into the body to trigger the response of the immune system. The immune system can recognize the foreign invaders and produce antibodies that kill the pathogen before it can spread.
Scientists have made different types of vaccine:
Live attenuated vaccines: The immune system is introduced with a form of a pathogen that is weaker and asymptomatic. This is an excellent stimulant for the immune system, however, it is contraindicated in people whose immune system are compromised.
Inactivated vaccines: The immune system is introduced with dead cells of the pathogens that are killed by chemicals or heat. It is safer, however, it does not have an accurate simulation.
Subunit or conjugate vaccines: A specific carbohydrate that comes from the pathogen is introduced into the body which trains the immune system not to provoke the sickness. There is a lesser chance for adverse reactions but only certain vaccines can be prepared in this method.
Toxoid vaccines: Dead toxins mixed with water and formaldehyde is introduced into the body which makes the immune system kill living toxins.
Conjugate vaccines: Sugar molecules are being attached to a recognizable pathogen to help the immune system determine bacteria or viruses that are coated with sugary camouflage.
DNA vaccines: When injected, it instructs the immune system to create antigens that can fight off the pathogen all by itself.
Recombinant vector vaccines: A harmful antigen is introduced into the body that triggers the immune system to produce antigens that can determine and fight off foreign invaders.
There are vaccines being recommended in three schedules: 0 to 6 years old, 7 to 18 years old, and adults 19 years and older.
People should not be worried and hesitant in receiving vaccines, there are adjuvant added to improve the response of the immune system. These ingredient components are antibiotics, stabilizers and preservatives, these are necessary to prevent fungal or bacterial contamination.
Although health organizations are distributing vaccines which led to increased access to immunization programs, a reduction of 79% from the fatalities was made. While these existing immunization vaccines are being distributed, they are being improved. Moreover, they are working on a new set of vaccines that fights cancer. It is created to train the body to fight cancer in its early stages of development.
This is an awful fact that 40 percent of the newborns whose mothers did not receive prenatal care are likely to die within 28 days from their delivery.
Prenatal care is a form of counseling regarding pregnancy, regular physical checkups, laboratory tests, and preparations for the delivery. A lack of these prenatal procedures can have a great impact on the health and well-being of the child and mother.
Vital topics are being discussed with women who thought of getting pregnant, this is to discuss the physical changes during pregnancy and what to expect from their pregnancy.
Your obstetrician-gynecologist, family doctor, or a midwife is the primary healthcare professionals who can give reliable information on what to expect and plan for pregnancy.
When you are in conception, you should develop good eating habits. Folic acid is recommended to prevent birth defects. Foods that pose risk to the fetus should be avoided, such as undercooked meat, alcohol, fish, seafood, and unpasteurized food. A daily moderate exercise for 30 minutes, however, activities that applies force to the abdomen should be avoided.
Recreational substances, such as tobacco, alcohol, and drugs should not be taken during pregnancy. These can lead to developmental issues, preeclampsia, and placental problems.
Pregnancy is confirmed by the last menstrual period, and the date of delivery will be confirmed through Naegele’s rule. Fetal developments are being monitored.
First trimester: Appetite changes, heightened the sense of smell, frequent urination, morning sickness, mood fluctuations, faster nail and hair growth. It is best to get referrals from professionals and physician who can assist your delivery, have your prenatal checkups. Expect for lifestyle and health counseling. At 12 weeks, the fetus is completely formed, it has arms, legs, genitals, circulatory system, and nails.
Second trimester: You are expected to gain 11 to 54 pounds due to the major fetal growth. During this trimester, increased sex drive, decreased nausea, detectable movements of the fetus, weight gain, and mood fluctuation are evident. It is important to continue monthly prenatal checkups to monitor the fetal development and screenings. At 22 weeks, the fetus has developed its taste buds, skin, hair growth, lung activity and light and auditory responses.
Third trimester: More physical discomforts are being experienced by the mother. By this time, the delivery plans are finalized, the baby will be delivered at any moment as it shifts in the womb to a downward position. The method of delivery will be determined by the child’s position.
If you are wondering, sex is safe throughout pregnancy. However, physical discomfort or a drop in libido may occur. Wait at least six weeks after delivery to let your body rejuvenate and normalize the hormone levels.
Fourth trimester or postnatal care: The phase when the newborn baby and mother is recovering. Mothers are encouraged to breastfeed to boost the immune system and development of the newborn. Postnatal checkups should be done to ensure the development and health of the child.
The human brain is the center of all human activities when psychoactive drugs are introduced into the brain, it can tamper its functionality. Addiction is a condition of the brain that is manifested through compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli amidst negative consequences.
Addiction has been considered to be a disease of the brain that can lead to health consequences. It disrupts the normal and healthy functionality of a person.
The reason why drugs are addicting is it can release 2 to 10 times of the amount of natural dopamine the brain produces, moreover, it lasts longer than these natural neurotransmitters.
Overexposure to drugs can lead to uncontrollable disruption of brain structures and manifests compulsive behavior. When addiction happens, the brain happens to have a chronic and relapsing disease that can be manifested by the person through seeking and using drugs despite it is illegal and harmful.
Diagnosing drug addiction…
The DSM-5 coins substance use disorder, which refers to a scope of use-related conditions. It indicates the extent through the classification of mild, moderate and severe. Addiction happens when the body has adjusted through incorporating the substance into the normal function of the body when the drug that has become dependent is discontinued drug withdrawal may occur. FOSB, a protein that triggers the development of addiction, is the diagnostic marker to diagnose addiction, however, a brain biopsy is required.
Reason Why People Take Drugs
Drugs make you feel good: Psychoactive drugs produce an intense feeling of pleasure due to the increase of happy hormones. There are drugs that can give self-confidence, power, and increased energy, and there are some that can cause satisfaction and relaxation.
Drugs make you feel better: Anxiety, stress, and depression can lead to drug abuse, with their attempt to make their selves feel better.
Curiosity and peer pressure: Due to peer pressure, adolescents engage in daring or risky behaviors to express their independence and to feel their belongingness.
Environmental factors that increase the risk of drug addiction…
Peer pressure, school: Peer pressure can strongly influence the decisions of an adolescent child, moreover, those children that are troubled with their academic performance and inferior social skills are at a high risk for substance abuse.
Home, family: Those children who grew up in a family who has parents or family members that engage in criminal behavior can develop their own risky behavior.
Addiction is a developmental illness, it usually starts in childhood or adolescence.
Other factors that can increase the risk of drug addiction…
Early introduction: Research has proven that those who begin to use drugs in their early years develop serious problems. It poses social and biological defects in the developing brain.
Method of administration: Inhalation or injection can increase the potential of the drug. It can cross the blood-brain barrier immediately.
As it can affect the economy and public health, addiction has pharmacologic and biological-based treatments that are integrated into rehabilitation for addicts. The rehabilitation treatment includes individual and group psychotherapy, behavioral therapy, behavior-modification therapy, residential treatment facilities, and twelve-step programs.
Long before, mental health has been a taboo topic, unworthy of the acknowledgment and discussion of the public. However, the impact of mental illness on the overall health of a person has captured the attention of medical practitioners.
Mental Health is an essential component of public health, we need to have the capacity to cope with the normal stresses of life and can determine his or her self-worth. Unmanaged mental health issues can be associated with social inequalities, unhealthy lifestyle and social inequalities.
It has been a new concern in the public health which involves affective and emotional states, and psychological states. Having a positive mental well-being results positive social and health benefits.
Mental disorders and illness is a common cause of disability that poses an impact on the health and economy. Since the mental health crisis affects the development and management of chronic illness and the development of unhealthy relationships between mental and physical health and social inequalities.
It can influence the onset of the illness, its progression, and behaviors that pose risk to health such as tobacco use, substance abuse, and physical inactivity. It has been discovered that depression is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension.
The majority of the people who are diagnosed with mental disorders do not receive the treatment they need even though it is available and effective, this is due to the stigma regarding mental illness. It is a challenge for the public health to determine the risk factors, provide an increase public education and awareness about mental health disorders, eliminate the stigma associated with accepting treatment and improve the services for a mental health crisis.
Depression is estimated to be the second most common cause of disability, it can affect the productivity, power, will, and motivation of the person which can result to unemployment, absenteeism, and lower income. It is associated highly with anxiety and other mental health issues.
Due to unmanaged mental health issues, there is an increased rate of suicide. Suicide has become the second most common cause of teenagers and young adults at the age of 15 to 29. The stigma of suicide, depression and other mental health issues does not have any difference, thus, those who are a committed for public health are faced with the challenge on how to determine those who are suffering and needs immediate attention. Thus, the World Health Organization has made an extra effort to monitor the public health organizations with their data collection and tracking and provided prevention tips to improve suicide education and prevention.
The World Health Organization aims to eliminate the stigma from depression and other mental disorders, they encourage people who are struggling to seek and ask for help.
As there are several barriers that can ignore the importance of mental health, support the efforts of public health organizations to enhance the access of people to the information, care, and treatment for mental health. Let us open our hearts to those who have concerns about mental health, encourage them, educate them, and eliminate the stigma.
Sexual abuse has been a public health issue, it is a challenge to determine who the victims are because some are afraid to speak out. Thus, the government and public health professionals are taking a stand to break the gap between sexual abuse and sexual assaults especially to the children and elderly.
Sexual abuse is sex without consent, it is also known as ‘molestation’, wherein an undesired sexual behavior by a person is received by another person. This sexual activity is not wanted by the victim, thus the culprit used force, made threats, and took advantage of the victims. In sexual abuse, most perpetrators and victims know each other.
Those who commit sexual abuse on a child or younger than the age of consent are referred to as statutory rape or child sexual abuse.
Victims of sexual abuse…
We may ask, how can spouses be a victim of sexual abuse when they are married and right for sexual activities? Sexual abuse of spouses is considered to be domestic violence. It occurs when the violence involves forced sex and threats of unwanted sexual activity.
This occurs when the child is taken for the sexual gratification of an older adolescent or an adult, this is also known as child abuse. Child abuse is not limited to sexual activities, but the perpetrators expose the child to pornography and sexual activities.
This can pose psychological trauma to the child and affect the physical health of the child, which includes depression, shame and self-blame, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, sexual dysfunction, chronic pelvic pain, suicidal ideation, self-injury, and borderline personality disorder.
Those who have offended child sexual abuse are not directly branded as pedophiles, except if they have the primary or exclusive sexual interest of a prepubescent child.
People with developmental abilities
Research has proved that people with developmental abilities have a greater risk of being a victim of sexual abuse or sexual assault.
People with dementia
Most people with dementia are elderly people, they are considered to have a high risk of abuse. Due to their ailment, the abused are not considered truthful.
They are one of the people who are at high risk for sexual abuse or assault, due to reluctance and stigma.
Types of sexual abuse…
Contact abuse: It is a sexual activity that involves physical contact, including penetration.
Non-contact abuse: It does not involve physical contact, but it exposes and engages the victim to perform sexual activities through videos or the internet, which includes exploitation. Abusers will then blackmail the victim to send the video or images.
Those who have survived the sexual abuse or assault are referred to as survivors. Those victims that were harmed are brought to the emergency room, where they are given emergency contraceptive medications. Moreover, preventive medications are given for prophylaxis against sexually transmitted disease. Those who have survived that has abrasions are given with tetanus immunizations. Unfortunately, those who have post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, panic attacks and depression are given short-term treatments of benzodiazepine.
Jeff Flake was the only member of Congress to vote against reauthorizing career and technical education programs. In his 12 years in Congress, career politician Jeff Flake has compiled a radical voting record that is far too extreme for Arizona. It’s a voting record that is more extreme than Senators John McCain and Jon Kyl, who have often disagreed with him, and in many cases, it’s even more extreme than House Republicans like Todd Akin who stated earlier this year that women who are victims of “legitimate rape” rarely get pregnant.
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