This is an awful fact that 40 percent of the newborns whose mothers did not receive prenatal care are likely to die within 28 days from their delivery.
Prenatal care is a form of counseling regarding pregnancy, regular physical checkups, laboratory tests, and preparations for the delivery. A lack of these prenatal procedures can have a great impact on the health and well-being of the child and mother.
Vital topics are being discussed with women who thought of getting pregnant, this is to discuss the physical changes during pregnancy and what to expect from their pregnancy.
- Family planning
- Contraceptives and birth control
- Exercise and nutrition
- Newborn screenings
- Health problems management
- Personal and family health history
Your obstetrician-gynecologist, family doctor, or a midwife is the primary healthcare professionals who can give reliable information on what to expect and plan for pregnancy.
When you are in conception, you should develop good eating habits. Folic acid is recommended to prevent birth defects. Foods that pose risk to the fetus should be avoided, such as undercooked meat, alcohol, fish, seafood, and unpasteurized food. A daily moderate exercise for 30 minutes, however, activities that applies force to the abdomen should be avoided.
Recreational substances, such as tobacco, alcohol, and drugs should not be taken during pregnancy. These can lead to developmental issues, preeclampsia, and placental problems.
Pregnancy is confirmed by the last menstrual period, and the date of delivery will be confirmed through Naegele’s rule. Fetal developments are being monitored.
First trimester: Appetite changes, heightened the sense of smell, frequent urination, morning sickness, mood fluctuations, faster nail and hair growth. It is best to get referrals from professionals and physician who can assist your delivery, have your prenatal checkups. Expect for lifestyle and health counseling. At 12 weeks, the fetus is completely formed, it has arms, legs, genitals, circulatory system, and nails.
Second trimester: You are expected to gain 11 to 54 pounds due to the major fetal growth. During this trimester, increased sex drive, decreased nausea, detectable movements of the fetus, weight gain, and mood fluctuation are evident. It is important to continue monthly prenatal checkups to monitor the fetal development and screenings. At 22 weeks, the fetus has developed its taste buds, skin, hair growth, lung activity and light and auditory responses.
Third trimester: More physical discomforts are being experienced by the mother. By this time, the delivery plans are finalized, the baby will be delivered at any moment as it shifts in the womb to a downward position. The method of delivery will be determined by the child’s position.
If you are wondering, sex is safe throughout pregnancy. However, physical discomfort or a drop in libido may occur. Wait at least six weeks after delivery to let your body rejuvenate and normalize the hormone levels.
Fourth trimester or postnatal care: The phase when the newborn baby and mother is recovering. Mothers are encouraged to breastfeed to boost the immune system and development of the newborn. Postnatal checkups should be done to ensure the development and health of the child.