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Public Health Issue: Smoking

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Health practitioners issued warnings about the long-term health implications to those who smoke. Statistics have detailed that there are more than 3,200 underage smokers who began smoking each day, and 42.1 million people are consistently smoking each day.

Amidst the effort of tobacco companies to continue their companies’ growth through their advertising campaigns, the advancement of public health awareness has banned smoking in public places and a variety of methods for smokers to stop.

Smoking can harm each system of the body, its adverse effects have been documented all throughout the years. Illnesses and diseases such as obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, autoimmune disorders, and autoimmune disorders are associated with smoking.


The toll deaths of cancer have been related to smoking, excess use of tobacco can affect the human body. Lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and liver cancer determined to smoke as a direct cause.

Did you know that those who quit cancer at age 30 decreases the risk of smoking-related deaths by 90 percent? And those who quit at age 50 and above only have a 50 percent chance? Thus, stop smoking! It’s still early.

Cardiovascular Disease

Coronary heart disease and stroke are the leading cause of death, both of which are a result of smoking. The effects of excessive tobacco use can thin the walls of the blood vessels and obstruct the blood flow to the heart.

Did you know that smokers have a higher rate of strokes and heart attacks than non-smokers?

Pulmonary Disease

The excessive inhalation of tobacco can pose negative effects on the respiratory system. Nicotine is not the only poisonous ingredient, there are still approximately 600 more. The said ingredients do not only displace the oxygen exchange of the lungs, but it can also impair the ability of the lungs to remove harmful particles.

Those who smoke heavily can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), shortness and difficulty of breathing, sputum production, and restricted airflow.

  • Emphysema is a smoke-related illness that results in the deterioration of oxygen sacs in the alveoli. The alveoli lose its ability to contract, expand, and elasticity. Compromised lung function is experienced.
  • Chronic bronchitis is a smoke-related illness that happens when the bronchia is inflamed, irritated and damaged. The difficulty of breathing happens when the bronchia loses its ability to transport exchange.

Reproductive Effects

Smoking is highly contraindicated in pregnant women, smoking puts the entire reproductive cycle at risk. Pregnant women should be cautious with the effects of smoking on the fetus, it exposes the fetus to nicotine, a toxic that can cause compromised oxygen supply.

  1. Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
  2. Low birth weight and/or premature labor
  3. Respiratory complications
  4. Congenital defects
  5. Fetal death or miscarriage
  6. Increased heart rate

Did you know that women who smoke are a high risk of experiencing difficulty in pregnancy?

Autoimmune Disorders and other Chronic Illness

Smoking leads to chronic and severe illnesses due to the system malfunction of our body. It can be a precipitating factor that can reduce the efficiency of medical treatments, and leads to the dysfunction of the immune system.

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